1943 - 14 -23 January Allied conference at Casablanca. 22 Campaign for Papua, New Guinea, ends. 27 Eighth Air Force makes its first attack on Nazi Germany, at Wilhelmshaven. 2-February Soviet Army destroys remnants of German Sixth Army at Stalingrad. 9 Organized Japanese resistance on Guadalcanal ceases. 20 Rommel breaks through Kasserine Pass, Tunisia. 25 Allies retake Kasserine Pass. 2-4 March The Allies defeat the Japanese in the Battle of the Bismarck Sea. 13 Japanese troops retreated across the Yangtze 16 Final Allied offensive in Tunisia begins. 18 Americans capture E1 Guettar. 20 - 27 Montgomery breaks through the Mareth Line. 11 - 31 May With recapture of Attu by Allies Japanese are driven from the Aleutians. 13 Axis forces in northern Africa surrendered. 12 -25. TRIDENT Conference in Washington. 13 Axis forces in Tunisia surrender. 1-30 June Shipping losses reach new low, signalizing victory over U-boat. 30 Allies begin operation for reduction of Rabaul (CARTWHEEL) with attacks in central Solomons and New Guinea. 4-July Germany opened an assault near the Soviet city of Kursk. 10 Allies invade Sicily. 25 Mussolini falla from power in Italy.14 - 24 August QUADRANT Conference at Quebec. 17 End of Sicily campaign. 23 Germans abandon Kharkov.25 Allies complete occupation of New Georgia, Solomon Islands. 3-September British troops invade Southern Italy. Italy secretly signed an armistice with the Allies 4-16. Southwest Pacific forces recapture Lae-Salamaua, New Guinea. 8 Italy formally surrenders. 9 Allies under U.S. Fifth Army land on the Salerno beaches; British troops land at Taranto. Allies failed to pierce German defenses at the Hitler Line south of Rome. 11 Italian Fleet is surrendered at Malta. 1-October Allies enter Naples and occupy Foggia airfields. 2 Australians seize Finschhafen, New Guinea. 13 Italy declares war on Nazi Germany. 14 Soviets reach Zaporodzhe, industrial center of Ukraine. 19 - 30 Soviet, British, American Foreign Ministers and military representatives confer in Moscow. 1-November South Pacific forces invade Bougainville. 5 U.S. Fifth Army attacks German Winter Line in Italy. 6 The Russians captured Kiev. 20 Opening of Central Pacific offensive (Makin and Tarawa in Gilberts). 2 - 7 -December Allied conferences, Cairo-Tehran (SEXTANT, EUREKA). 14 Soviet armies begin first phase of winter offensive. 26 Southwest Pacific troops invade New Britain at Cape Gloucester.
1944 - 15-January USSR opens offensive to relieve Leningrad. 20 In Italy, beginning of unsuccessful operations to cross the Rapido River and seize Cassino. 22 VI Corps, U.S. Fifth Army, lands at Anzio. 27 The Russians broke the siege of Leningrad 31 Central Pacific forces invade the Marshall Islands. 12-February General Eisenhower is formally designated Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, Europe, by Combined Chiefs of Staff. 18 U.S. Naval forces attack Truk in Caroline Islands. 20 Reduction of Rabaul completed with Japanese abandonment of it as an airbase. 24 In Burma, Merrill’s Marauders advance into Hukawng Valley, with the Myitkyina airfield as their goal. 29 Southwest Pacific forces begin invasion of Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago. 5-March Soviet Army opens drive in the Ukraine to destroy enemy in Dnieper bend. 20German troops occupy Hungary. 10-Apr Odessa retaken by Russian troops. 22 Southwest Pacific forces land at Aitape and Hollandia, New Guinea. 9-May Sevastopol retaken by Soviet forces. 11 In Italy, Allies open a general offensive against the Gustav Line. 17 Myitkyina airstrip captured by Chinese forces. 18 Allied forces capture Cassino. 23 U.S. VI Corps launches offensive to break out of the Anzio Beachhead. 27 Southwest Pacific force lands on Biak Island, New Guinea. 4-June U.S. Fifth Army enters Rome. 6 D Day. Allied Forces invade France, landing on coast of Normandy, in Operation OVERLORD. 9 Soviet forces launch attack against the Finnish positions on Karelian Isthmus. 12 Germans launch first V-1 bombs against England. 15 B-29’s based in China, make their first attack on Japanese homeland. Central Pacific forces invade the Marianas. 19 -20 U.S. forces won the Battle of the Philippine Sea. 27 Organized resistance ceases at Cherbourg.
1945 - January 1-17 - Germany withdraws from the Ardennes, 16th - The U. S. Army 1st and 3rd divisions join forces after a month long separation while fighting the Battle of the Bulge, 17th - Warsaw, Poland captured by Soviets, 26th - Auschwitz P.O.W camp is liberated.February 4 - 11 President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin hold conference in Yalta, 13-14th Allied bombing destroys Dresden; March 6th - The final German offensive begins as they attempt to defend Hungarian oil field, 7th - A bridge is established across the Rhine at Remagen following the allies taking of Cologne, 30th - Danzig captured by Soviet troops; April 1st - German troops are trapped by United States while defending Ruhr Allied offensive in North Italy, 12th - Concentration camps: Belsen and Buchenwald liberated by Allies, President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies, Vice President Harry S. Truman assumes the Presidency, 16th -- Soviets launch the final attack on Berlin and Americans enter Nuremberg, 18th -- The surrounded German Army surrenders at Ruhr, 21st -- The Soviet Army surrounds Berlin, 28th -- The Allies capture Venice. Italian partisans capture and hang Mussolini, 29th – Dachau, P.O.W. camp is liberated by the Americans 7th Army, 30th -- Adolph Hitler commits suicide; May 2nd -- German troops in Italy surrender, 7th -- All German forces submit to un conditional surrender to Allies, 8th -- Victory in Europe, 9th -- Troops of the United States 7th Army capture Hermann Goring, 23rd -- Reichsfuher Himmler commits suicide; June 5th - Germany is divided and Berlin remains the seat of the government, 26th - United Nations Charter signed; July 1st - Allied forces: U.S. British and French move into Berlin, 16th - United States tests the atomic bomb; August 6th - United States drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, 8th - After declaring war on Japan, the Soviet army invades Manchuria, 9th - United States drops 2nd atomic bomb on Nagasaki, 14th - Unconditional surrender by Japan; September 2nd - V.J. Day as Japan signs unconditional surrender; October 24th - Birth of United Nations; November 20 - Nuremberg trials begin; October 16th, 1946 - Two hours prior to his execution, Herman Goring commits suicide.
World War II
1939 - 1945
by Neal McLaughlin -- August 2004
World War I, which was said to be "the war to end all wars," had definitely fallen short of this proclamation. Following the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, the 3 major powers each retreated back to their neutral corners. This, however, is not to imply that they did so with a smile on their faces.